grammar

to list the grammar points by HSK level


        
 
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HSK:
format:
example:
details:
exception:
keyword:
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ID: 31
compare:
HSK: 1
format: Verb + 了
example: 去 了
details: a simple answer to respond to a question with that verb.
exception:
keyword: [了]
class: undefined,u,v
short:
long:
answer: 30
question:
theme:
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ID: 32
compare: 30
HSK: 1
format: Topic (+ Subj.) + Verb + 了吗?
example: 晚饭 你 吃 了 吗 ?
details: the topic is also the object for the verb.
exception:
keyword: 了吗 + ?
class: qu
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answer: 31
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ID: 33
compare:
HSK: 1
format: Subj. + 没 有 + Verb + Obj. + 吗?
example: 你 今天 没 有 去 工作 吗 ?
details: 没 有 is to negate the verb and cannot use with 了
exception: Only 没 (méi) Negates 有 (yǒu), not 不 有
keyword: 没 有+ 吗
class: undefined,d,v,qu,u
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ID: 34
compare:
HSK: 1
format: 没 有 / 对
example: 没 有 / 对
details: both can be used to answer a negative question, then you're saying "no" (and affirming the negative verb in the question).
exception: Only 没 (méi) Negates 有 (yǒu), not 不 有
keyword: 没有
class: undefined,d,v
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ID: 35
compare:
HSK: 1
format: [Statement] + 吗 ?
example: 你 不 喜欢 咖啡 吗 ?
details: all affirmative statements (positive or negative) can be coverted into a question by adding 吗 ?at the end and to become a question
exception: do not add 吗 (ma) to a sentence that's already a question. Only 不 Negates 喜欢, not 没 喜欢
keyword: 不+ 吗
class: h,d,qu,u
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ID: 36
compare:
HSK: 1
format: 不 喜欢 / 对
example: 不 喜欢 / 对
details: both can be used to answer a negative question, then you're saying "no" (and affirming the negative verb in the question).
exception: Only 不 Negates 喜欢, not 没 喜欢
keyword: 不 + 喜欢 / 对
class: h,d
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ID: 37
compare:
HSK: 1
format: Noun 1 + 不是 + Noun 2 + 吗?
example: 你 不 是 大 学生 吗 ?
details: 不是 is used to negatively link two nouns
exception: Only 不 Negates 是, not 没是
keyword: 不是+ 吗
class: c,n,v,vl,qu,u
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ID: 38
compare:
HSK: 1
format: 不是 / 对
example: Q : 你不是日本人吗? A : 不是 / 对
details: both can be used to answer a negative question, then you're saying "no" (and affirming the negative verb in the question).
exception: Only 不 Negates 是, not 没是
keyword: [不是] / [对]
class: c,n,v,vl
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ID: 39
compare:
HSK: 1
format: Subj. + 是 + [Information to be Emphasized] + Verb + 的
example: 你们 是 什么 时候 到 的 ?
details: 是⋯⋯的 IS used to emphasize "detail", about time, manner, or place.
exception: 是⋯⋯的 cannot be placed by 了 such as 你们 什么 时候 到 了? Is not a proper Chinese
keyword: 是 + 的
class: undefined,v,vl,u
short: ⋯⋯的
long: 是⋯⋯的
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question:
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ID: 40
compare:
HSK: 1
format: Subj. + 不 + Verb
example: 爸爸 不 回来 吃 晚饭。
details: 不 (bù) Negates in the Present and Future
exception:
keyword: [不]
class: h,d
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long:
answer:
question: 41
theme:
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